An Echocardiogram is an ultrasound scan of the heart. Using ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves) transmitted via a probe placed on the chest wall (similar to an antenatal ultrasound), the internal structure of the heart is mapped. Movements of the heart chambers and heart valves are visualized. The blood flow in the heart is analysed and the pumping function (ejection fraction) calculated.
What are the benefits of an Echocardiogram?
This test is used to:
- 1Assess the overall pumping function of the heart eg
- 2Determine the presence of any structural heart disease eg.
- 3Diagnose underlying Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
- 4Diagnose infections affecting the heart eg.
- 5Diagnose infections affecting the heart eg.
- 6Diagnose cardiac tumors eg atrial myxomas
- 7Evaluate the progression of valve disease over time
- 8Evaluate the effectiveness of medical or surgical treatments for hypertension, valvular heart disease or cardiomyopathy (weak heart muscles)
Example of a normal echocardiogram
Example of a severely abnormal echocardiogram revealing severe dilated ischemic cardiomyopathy (weak heart due to heart artery blockages)
Example of an abnormal echocardiogram revealing severe mitral regurgitation (Leakage of blood backwards due to inadequate coaptation of heart valves)
Example of an abnormal echocardiogram revealing left atrial myxoma (Tumor in the heart)
Who will benefit from this test?
- 1a. Chest pain
- 2b. Shortness of breath
- 3c. Irregular heart beats
- 4d. Recurrent giddiness or fainting spells
- 5e. Lower limb swelling
How to prepare for the test
How is the test performed?
This exam will take place in a private echo room located in our clinic.
- 1Before the test
- 2During the test
- 3After the test
How does the doctor use this test to treat me?
- 1Normal exam
- 2Abnormal exam
Don't wait for your symptoms to worsen.
Early intervention can save your life.
Heart conditions left unchecked can lead to serious consequences. Seek peace of mind. Seek early intervention.